That just sounds like a mechanical resonance of the entire Y-axis mechanical system to me.
I have heard a similar noise on mine but only at very specific print speeds.
Try increasing or reducing your print speed a bit to avoid the resonance.
It could also be a lack of lubrication on the Y-axis guide rails.
Are you running Klipper on that ? That looks a lot faster than 150mm/sec.
If so have you done any resonance tuning in Klipper ?
I believe that one thing Klipper does if you have measured the mechanical resonances of the printer is to avoid moving the extruder back and forth at a rate that would trigger one of the resonances. (by deliberately going a bit slower or faster)
Another thing worth checking is the Y-axis belt tensioner pully bearing a the front - I’m having to get both my Y and X axis belt tensioner pulley bearings replaced. One is seized and the other is on the way.